Information on possibilities of entry and residence of citizens of Ukraine in the Republic of Slovenia and the response of the Republic of Slovenia to the Russian-Ukrainian war from an immigration perspective
In light of the eruption of war in Ukraine, many citizens of Ukraine have found themselves in search of a safe haven outside their own country. Below we highlight some of the most important information for citizens of Ukraine regarding entry into Slovenia, temporary protection, international protection, obtaining temporary residence permits and other common issues related to entry and stay of citizens of Ukraine in Slovenia.
1. Brief overview on entry in the Republic of Slovenia and applying for temporary or international protection
In the following sections of this collection of information, we describe in detail the entire process of entering the Republic of Slovenia and applying for temporary or international protection for residents of Ukraine, as well as the rights that temporary or international protection brings to its applicants and holders.
In this section, we briefly summarise the steps of the process of entry in the Republic of Slovenia and advise you to do the following after entering the Republic of Slovenia:
- whether or not you hold the necessary documentation (passport) to enter the Republic of Slovenia, register at the nearest police station without delay or at the latest within 3 days of entry (persons already present in Slovenia should report to the police station as soon as possible) – fill in the registration form;
- at the police station or immediately upon entering Slovenia o the authority responsible for border control, express your intention to apply for temporary protection (or for international protection);
- fill in an application form for temporary protection at a police station – you will receive a temporary protection card immediately or within a few days, which entitles you to all the rights listed below (i.e., temporary residence in Slovenia, accommodation and food in accommodation centres or financial assistance for private accommodation, healthcare, work, education, financial assistance, pocket money, family reunification, free legal assistance, information on your rights and obligations, and assistance in exercising these rights);
- when applying for international protection, you must wait for a decision granting international protection before you receive a residence permit card, which you can then use to exercise your rights in Slovenia;
- you shall be accommodated in an asylum centre, other reception centre or private accommodation (you can also stay with relatives, which you have to disclose at the police station).
At this time, we recommend to apply for temporary protection since it immediately provides you with the above-mentioned rights, as will be further elaborated on below.
2. Requirements for entry to the Republic of Slovenia
Entry into Slovenia is allowed with a valid passport at designated border crossing points. Citizens of Ukraine do not require a visa to enter Slovenia if they enter with a biometric passport. In this case, they can stay in Slovenia for up to 90 days within the 180-day period without the need for any additional legal grounds for residence. At the end of this period, they will have to obtain another basis for residence in Slovenia.
If citizens of Ukraine hold an ordinary (non-biometric) passport, they can legally enter Slovenia with a valid passport with a visa or with a valid passport and a residence permit (issued either by the competent authority of the Republic of Slovenia or by the competent authority of a State party to the Convention implementing the Schengen Agreement of 14 June 1985), if they hold it. In such a case, they may stay in Slovenia until the expiry of the validity of the visa or residence permit obtained or until the expiry of the period allowed under the conditions of the residence permit. After the end of this period, they will have to obtain another legal basis for residence in Slovenia.
If citizens of Ukraine enter Slovenia without the relevant documents or in another unauthorised manner, they will in principle be committing an offence under the Slovenian legislation governing the entry and residence of foreigners, i.e., Slovene Foreigners Act1. However, according to the latest information from the Government of the Republic of Slovenia, the police will only issue a warning and will not fine the person in such cases due to the war situation on the territory of Ukraine.2 Ukrainian citizens will then have to quickly obtain a legal basis for residence in Slovenia.
3. Report to the police station
All foreigners must register at any police station within three days of entering Slovenia. Foreigners must report to the nearest police station to register their address of residence in Slovenia. In case of a hotel-stay or stay at another accommodation, the host takes care of the registration of the foreigner.
If a foreigner wishes to apply for temporary or international protection, which shall be further explained below, he or she must also register with the police within three days of entering Slovenia, where it is possible to fill out a registration form, and then submit the intention to apply for temporary or international protection to the police. In principle, applicants may express their intention to apply for temporary or international protection to any state or local authority, which shall inform the police of the foreigner’s intent. After expressing the intention to apply for temporary or international protection, persons are referred or brought to a police station where they fill in a registration form.3 The registration sheet records all the circumstances of the arrival of a particular applicant in Slovenia and information about his or her identity.
4. Visa procedures, procedures for applying for a temporary residence permit in the Republic of Slovenia and other ways of obtaining a legal residence in Slovenia
According to the Ztuj-2, visa procedures for obtaining a visa for the Republic of Slovenia are conducted before the diplomatic missions or consulates of the Republic of Slovenia in the foreigner’s country of residence. Moreover, according to the Ztuj-2, most applications for a temporary residence permit in the Republic of Slovenia must be submitted by the foreigner abroad at a diplomatic mission or consulate of the Republic of Slovenia prior to the actual entry into Slovenia. This fact, however, currently poses a significant problem, as the consular operations of the Embassy of the Republic of Slovenia in Kiev have been suspended until further notice,4 which means that it is no longer accepting visa applications, and the same applies to the electronic submission of any applications.
However, citizens of Ukrainian can apply for international protection in Slovenia, which constitutes a valid ground for legal residence in Slovenia due to the war situation in which they find themselves in their country. They can do so regardless of the circumstances of their entry into Slovenia and whether or not they already have already obtained any other legal basis for staying in Slovenia. They can also apply for international protection if their other legal basis for residence in Slovenia (short-term visa-free stay, visa or residence permit) expires.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Slovenia has out forward that it encourages citizens of Ukraine to apply for international protection in Slovenia, as the competences of the authorities for receiving visa applications and applications for temporary residence permits, which are otherwise required before the entry of a foreigner into the Republic of Slovenia, remain unchanged. Thus, the regime for all visa procedures and procedures for obtaining temporary residence permits in the Republic of Slovenia remains the same (i.e., meaning that the Ukrainian citizens cannot file an application for a permit before Slovene authorities in Slovenia, if they are required by law to do so before the entry into Slovenia) . However, Ukrainian citizens have the additional possibility to apply for international protection in the Republic of Slovenia.
As a result of the activation of temporary protection under the EU Directive 2001/55/EC on minimum standards for granting temporary protection5, which was transposed into Slovenian law by the Temporary Protection of Displaced Persons Act6, the Slovenian authorities are now encouraging citizens of Ukraine to apply for temporary protection in the Republic of Slovenia. This due to the fact that requesting temporary protection is a faster procedure and offers collective protection for all beneficiaries to immediately obtain the rights they would otherwise have obtained after the international protection procedure. However, persons can still apply for international protection after having obtained temporary protection if they wish to do so. The differences between temporary protection and international protection will be highlighted in more detail below.
5. Which temporary residence permits can be applied for in Slovenia?
As mentioned above, for visas, as well as for most applications for temporary residence permits in Slovenia, the application must be submitted to the Slovenian consulate in the foreigner’s home country before his/her entry into Slovenia. However, certain types of applications for temporary residence permits can still be filed in Slovenia, provided that the foreigner has entered the country legally and is staying there for a short period of time on one of the permitted grounds (either visa-free short-term stay, visa or other) and that the application for the permit is filed before the expiry of this short-term legal stay in Slovenia. The latter is possible for the following categories of purpose of stay in Slovenia and types of permits:
- temporary residence permit for study purposes – in this case, the foreigner must provide proof of acceptance/admission to the publicly valid educational or study programmes, professional training, practical training, specialisation or international study exchange in relevant educational organisations in the Republic of Slovenia;
- temporary residence permit for work in research, higher vocational education or higher education (researchers, higher education teachers or lecturers) – in this case, the foreigner must have already concluded a hosting agreement with a research organisation or a higher vocational education institution or higher education institution from the Republic of Slovenia;
- single permit for the purpose of highly qualified employment (EU Blue Card) – in this case, the foreigner must have already concluded an employment contract with the employer and the application must be submitted to the competent authority in the Republic of Slovenia within 30 days of the date of entry into the Republic of Slovenia;
- single permit for residence and work for the following persons:
- sports trainer, professional sportsperson or private sports worker who is already entered in the Register of Professional Sports People or in the Register of Private Workers in the Field of Sport and who has concluded an employment contract, a cooperation contract or a work contract with a club or sports organisation established in the Republic of Slovenia;
- a person, who intends to perform a clerical profession or religious activity in a registered religious community in the Republic of Slovenia, or a person, who will organise or lead charitable and humanitarian activities within an established humanitarian organisation or registered religious community and who presents a certificate from a registered religious community that it is active in that community, or a certificate from a recognised humanitarian organisation, which organises or conducts charitable and humanitarian activities in that organisation;
- a foreign media reporter or a foreign correspondent who is already accredited in the Republic of Slovenia;
- a person who on the basis of the opinion of the responsible ministry demonstrates an economic interest in the Republic of Slovenia;
- a person who on the basis of the opinion of the responsible ministry demonstrates an interest of the Republic of Slovenia in the area of education, science and culture.
- temporary residence permit for a foreigner, who is a Slovenian descendant.
In the above-mentioned cases, foreigners can apply for a temporary residence permit at the competent authority of the Republic of Slovenia, i.e., the administrative unit in the area of their residence. During the processing of the application, they may reside in Slovenia on the basis of a certificate of application, and they must also register their temporary residence at the address where they actually reside (within 8 days of settlement) with the competent administrative unit.
It should also be noted that family reunification in the above cases is possible immediately only for Blue Card holders, while in other cases the condition for family reunification is that the holder has been residing in Slovenia for at least two years. International protection offers more favourable and, in this case, more appropriate conditions for family reunification
6. What is international protection?
Anyone fleeing persecution or danger in their own country has the right to international protection or asylum. The institution of international protection in Slovenia is regulated by the International Protection Act7. Third-country citizens or stateless persons can apply for international protection, if they consider that
- they are being systematically persecuted in their country of origin for reasons of their political opinion or because of their membership of a particular racial or ethnic group, religion, nation or particular social group; or
- their life or freedom would be threatened or they would be likely to be subjected to torture, inhuman treatment or punishment if returned to the country of origin.
The ZMZ-1 defines two forms of international protection that can be granted to applicants for international protection: i.e., refugee status and subsidiary protection status. Refugee status is granted to a third-country citizen who, owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social or political opinion, is outside the country of his or her nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself or herself of the protection of that country, or to a stateless person who, owing to a well-founded fear, is outside the country of his or her habitual residence and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to that country. However, subsidiary protection status may be granted to a third-country citizen or a stateless person who does not qualify for refugee status, if there are substantial grounds for believing that he or she would, on returning to the country of origin or the country of last habitual residence (if stateless), face a well-founded risk of suffering serious harm, which includes:
- the death penalty or execution;
- the torture or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment of an applicant in the country of origin;
- a serious and individual threat to a civilian’s life or person by reason of indiscriminate violence in situations of international or internal armed conflict.
Refugee status is granted without time limit and serves as a valid permanent residence permit in Slovenia. Subsidiary protection status is granted for a fixed period (usually 1-3 years) with the possibility of extension and serves as a valid temporary residence permit in Slovenia.
In the member states of the EU, the Dublin Regulation8 sets out the criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining an application for international protection lodged in one of the Member States by a third-country citizen or a stateless person. The application is examined by a single Member State, namely the one which has competence according to the Dublin Regulation’s criteria. The latter could potentially mean that Slovenia would not be competent to examine the application and grant international protection in every case (e.g., in the case of Ukrainian nationals who entered Slovenia illegally, undocumented or otherwise illegally), and would have to return the foreigner to the competent EU Member State in case of lack of jurisdiction. However, a Member State also has the right to examine the application, even if it does not have competence according to the Dublin Regulation’s criteria. According to the information currently available, Slovenia, together with other EU Member States, has already expressed its (unofficial political) intention9 to, due to the current situation, consider all applications for international protection received from Ukrainian nationals, regardless of the circumstances in which they apply for international protection.
If the Slovenian authorities grant international protection to a Ukrainian citizen, he or she may apply for any residence permit at the competent authority of the Republic of Slovenia after the expiry of international protection, within eight days after the expiry of the international protection status in Slovenia.
6.1. How to apply for international protection? Is accommodation available?
The international protection procedure is divided into two parts – first, the person expresses his or her intent to apply for international protection, and then, on that basis, he or she files an application for international protection. A person may express his or her intention to apply for international protection upon arrival in the Republic of Slovenia to any state or local authority, which informs the police. The authority to which the foreigner expressed the intention is obliged to inform the competent authority for international protection in the Republic of Slovenia, i.e., the Ministry of the Interior.
From the time the intention for international protection is expressed until the application for international protection is lodged, the foreigner may not be removed from the country. The foreigner is placed in an asylum centre or in the facilities of the Government Office for the Support and Integration of Migrants, where the procedure for obtaining international protection is then initiated. If the foreigner has another residence in Slovenia (either with relatives or friends), he or she can stay at that address during the procedure.
Ukrainian citizens can apply for international protection on the same day or as soon as possible after arriving in Slovenia, preferably by contacting a police officer. At the police station, the foreigner can make a handwritten declaration and submit an application for international protection.
6.2. What are the rights of applicants and the rights of the persons granted international protection?
Ukrainian nationals acquire the following rights already as applicants for international protection (i.e., before the decision granting international protection is issued):
- residence in the Republic of Slovenia and movement within the municipality in which the applicant has a fixed address for temporary residence;
- material support if accommodated in the Asylum Centre, a branch thereof or an accommodation facility established at or near the border, an airport or on board a ship at anchor in a port or harbour;
- Government Office for the Support and Integration of Migrants provides food, clothing, footwear and hygiene products to an applicant who does not have his or her own means of subsistence equal to the amount of the basic minimum income (EUR 421.89) and who is accommodated in an asylum home.
- If the applicant has his or her own means of subsistence, the applicant bears the monthly costs himself/herself or, in accordance with his/her means, a proportionate share of the costs of accommodation.
- emergency medical treatment (i.e., emergency medical care and emergency ambulance transport at the doctor’s discretion, the right to emergency dental care, emergency medical treatment at the discretion of the attending doctor, and women’s health care – contraceptives, terminations of pregnancy and medical care during pregnancy and childbirth);
- The Republic of Slovenia provides funding for emergency treatment and for the cost of public transport to access emergency treatment.
- Access to primary education is provided to applicants no later than three months from the date of their application for international protection. The Republic of Slovenia provides the minor applicant with preparatory learning assistance in order to facilitate access to the education system. Other applicants are granted access to post-secondary, higher and adult education under the same conditions as nationals of the Republic of Slovenia.
- access to the labour market,
- The applicant has the right to free access to the labour market in nine months after lodging an application for international protection, provided that he/she has not been notified of the competent authority’s decision within this period and that this delay is not attributable to the applicant. In this case, the applicant can be employed in Slovenia in the same way as Slovenian nationals, without an additional work permit.
- humanitarian aid,
- Applicants may receive humanitarian assistance from NGOs working on migration issues.
- an allowance.
- For an applicant who has no means of subsistence of his/her own and whose subsistence is not otherwise guaranteed, the Republic of Slovenia also provides a monthly pocket allowance.
The methods and conditions for guaranteeing the rights of applicants for international protection are laid down in a sub-legislative act, the Decree on the methods and conditions for ensuring the rights of persons with international protection10. Applicants for international protection exercise their rights by means of an applicant’s card. The card shall be issued to the applicant for international protection immediately after the acceptance of the application for international protection, or at the latest within three days after the receipt of the application.11
After submitting an application for international protection, applicants for international protection are accommodated in an asylum centre or a branch thereof or in other state accommodation facilities. Upon placement, each applicant receives an accommodation package containing essential hygiene products and bed linen. The right to food, clothing and footwear shall be guaranteed in the asylum centre. Applicants are also provided with emergency medical assistance and emergency ambulance transport, and women’s health care.
In addition, a large number of volunteers have organised themselves in Slovenia to offer accommodation to refugees from Ukraine. Local communities coordinate assistance at local level for private accommodation. To assist persons from Ukraine, the Republic of Slovenia has set up a call centre where persons can obtain information on entry and stay in Slovenia and on the procedure for recognition of international protection. For further information the citizens of Ukraine or other stateless persons from Ukraine email firstname.lastname@example.org or call 080 41 42 every day of the week between 8.00 and 18.00. For calls from abroad, the following number is provided +386 1 47 87 530.
Granting international protection gives a person the following rights:
- receive information about the status, rights and obligations of persons under international protection in the Republic of Slovenia;
- reside in the Republic of Slovenia;
- financial compensation for private accommodation;
- health care;
- social assistance;
- employment and work; and
- assistance in integrating into society.
A person who has been granted international protection status acquires the above-mentioned rights from the date of notification of the decision granting international protection. The person that is granted international protection also exercises his/her rights by means of a residence permit card, which establishes their identity and confirms the granted international protection status.
7. Obtaining temporary protection of a displaced person
The EU authorities are also working to set up emergency mechanisms in the wake of the Russia-Ukraine war. For this reason, all efforts were focused on the activation of Directive 2001/55/EC on minimum standards for giving temporary protection12, which has been transposed into Slovenian law by the Slovenian Temporary Protection of Displaced Persons Act.13 The Council of the EU has already adopted an implementing decision on the introduction of temporary protection due to the massive influx of people fleeing the war in Ukraine14, with which it activated of the Directive on temporary protection itself.
According to the ZZZRO,15 the Government of the Republic of Slovenia on 9 March 2022 adopted a Decision to grant temporary protection to displaced persons from Ukraine16. The Decision to grant temporary protection entered into force on 10 March 2022 and provides for the granting of temporary protection for all persons displaced from Ukraine on or after 24 February 2022 as a result of the military invasion by Russia. The following categories of persons are eligible for temporary protection if they were residing in Ukraine on or before 24 February 2022:
- citizens of Ukraine;
- stateless persons and third-country nationals who are not citizens of Ukraine and who have been granted international protection or other equivalent national protection in Ukraine;
- family members of the persons referred to in the first and second indent as defined in Article 36 of the ZMZ-1, i.e.:
- a spouse or a person who, for at least one year prior to his/her arrival in the Republic of Slovenia, lived with a person who has been granted temporary protection in a living community which, according to the Family Code17, is equal in legal consequences to a marriage;
- the children of the person who has obtained temporary protection, as long as he/she is obliged to support them;
- stepchildren, where they support a stepfather or stepmother, and stepfather or stepmother, where he or she supports stepchildren;
- grandchildren and nephews of the person who has obtained temporary protection, in so far as that person is supporting grandchildren or nephews who are without parents;
- other close relatives of the person who has obtained temporary protection, if they lived together as part of a family before their arrival in the Republic of Slovenia and were supported by the person who has obtained temporary protection;
- stateless persons and third-country nationals who are not citizens of Ukraine and who have resided in Ukraine on the basis of a valid permanent residence permit and who are unable to return to their country or region of origin in a safe and durable manner.
The Slovenian authorities are currently advising and directing Ukrainian citizens to apply for temporary protection at any police station in Slovenia upon entering the Republic of Slovenia. At this moment, there is no limit to the number of persons who can obtain temporary protection in the Republic of Slovenia, as long as they are among the beneficiaries referred to in Article 1 of the Decision establishing protection for displaced persons.
7.1. What is temporary protection and how to apply for it?
Temporary protection is an exceptional procedure in the event of a mass influx or imminent mass influx of displaced persons from third countries who are unable to return to their country of origin, for the provision of immediate temporary protection to such persons (i.e., without the processing of individual applications for asylum), in particular if there is also a risk that the asylum system will be unable to process this influx without adverse effects as to its efficient operation, in the interests of the persons concerned and other persons requesting protection. It is therefore a collective temporary protection of all persons listed in the Decision to grant temporary protection to displaced persons from Ukraine. The aim is to alleviate pressure on national asylum systems and to allow displaced persons to enjoy harmonised rights across the EU. These rights include residence, access to the labour market and housing, medical assistance and access to education for children.18
Since the activation of the ZZZRO, the procedure for obtaining temporary protection is the primary procedure, as it is intended to facilitate the entry of persons into the country and to alleviate the pressure on the decision-making authorities for processing applications for international protection.
According to the ZZZRO, upon entering the Republic of Slovenia, an applicant for temporary protection must declare his/her intention to apply for temporary protection. A person wishing to apply for temporary protection (if he/she has just entered the Republic of Slovenia or if he/she is already present in the Republic of Slovenia) must, without delay or at the latest within three days, file an application for temporary protection on the prescribed form with the authority responsible for the control of crossing the state border (i.e., usually the police) and submit all the evidence at his/her disposal relevant for the decision on the recognition of temporary protection. The applicant for temporary protection must be provided with all information relating to the procedure for granting temporary protection in a language which he/she understands. The authority responsible for border control shall forward the application and any supporting documents without delay to the home affairs organisational unit at the administrative unit in the territory of which the applicant is to be accommodated.
After submitting an application for temporary protection, applicants are placed in the nearest reception centre, where the identity of each applicant is established, the information necessary for granting temporary protection is collected and the applicant undergoes a medical examination. Pending a decision on the application, the applicant may be accommodated in a reception centre. The Home Affairs Organisational Unit of the competent administrative unit decides on the granting of temporary protection in a summary procedure. Temporary protection shall also be granted to a newborn child, whose parents or at least one of the parents has been granted temporary protection.
7.2. The rights of persons granted temporary protection
Persons enjoying temporary protection have the following rights, for the period of temporary protection:
- temporary residence in the Republic of Slovenia;
- accommodation and meals in accommodation centres or financial assistance for private accommodation;
- health care (e.g., emergency medical care and emergency ambulance transport, as well as the right to emergency dental care, emergency medical treatment at the decision of the attending doctor, urgent specialist outpatient and hospital services, women’s health care and compulsory health checks before and during primary or secondary education, as is also the case for Slovene nationals);
- The person with temporary protection uses a temporary protection card to claim health services.
- Persons with temporary protection are treated on an equal footing with persons granted international protection under the ZTuj-2 and the ZZSDT – they are therefore subject to the same rules as persons with international protection.
- financial assistance;
- an allowance;
- family reunification;
- free legal aid;
- be informed of their rights and obligations;
- receive support in exercising the rights under the ZZZRO.
Temporary protection for displaced persons from Ukraine is introduced as of the date of entry into force of the Decision to grant temporary protection to displaced persons from Ukraine, i.e., 10 March 2022, and lasts for one year (i.e., in principle until 10 March 2023). Temporary protection may be extended for a maximum of two further periods of six months each. Upon expiration of temporary protection, the return of the persons, who were granted temporary protection shall be organised. In this respect, the obtaining international protection is preferable, as it allows a person to obtain any residence or work permit in the Republic of Slovenia after the expiry of international protection, which is not possible under temporary protection. However, it should be pointed out that even if a person has already been granted temporary protection, he or she may still apply for international protection and thus change his or her status. The ZZZRP explicitly allows persons with temporary protection to apply for international protection during the duration or after the expiry of temporary protection.19
8. Under what conditions can Ukrainian nationals work in Slovenia?
Under the ZZSDT, persons with international protection status have free access to the labour market. This means that they do not need a work permit to work in the Republic of Slovenia and can be employed under the same conditions as Slovenian citizens.20
Jobseekers can therefore apply directly to the Employment Service of the Republic of Slovenia for unemployment benefits. More information on employment can be found at the following link: https://english.ess.gov.si/. The gross minimum wage in the Republic of Slovenia is currently at EUR 1,074.43.
The ENIC-NARIC Centre at the Ministry of Education, Science and Sport manages the evaluation and recognition procedures of the acquired education and qualifications. More information on this can be found at the following link: email@example.com.
9. Immigration consequences of the current circumstances for citizens of the Russian Federation
According to the latest information from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the regime for obtaining and renewing visas and temporary residence permits in the Republic of Slovenia for Russian citizens remains unchanged. According to the legislation in force, Russian citizens may continue to reside and work in the Republic of Slovenia on the basis of the permits obtained under the ZTuj-2.
However, for Russian citizens who are staying in the Republic of Slovenia only for a short period of time (e.g., for tourism or business reasons), the Ministry of Foreign Affairs put forward that they are not allowed to stay in the territory of the Republic of Slovenia beyond the validity of their visas, as they can return home, unlike Ukrainian citizens. Thus, the partial closure of airspace and the permanent restrictions at some Russian airports are not a reason to extend the stay of Russian citizens in the Republic of Slovenia.
1. Foreigners Act (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, no. 91/21 as amended, hereinafter: »the ZTuj-2«).
2. Republic of Slovenia, Slovenia’s assistance to the citizens of Ukraine, available at URL: https://www.gov.si/en/topics/slovenias-assistance-to-the-citizens-of-ukraine/ (last accessed: 10 March 2022).
3. Ministry of internal affairs of the Republic of Slovenia, Information on international protection in the Republic of Slovenia, available at URL: https://www.gov.si/assets/vladne-sluzbe/UOIM/razno/Information-on-international-protection-in-the-Republic-of-Slovenia.pdf (last accessed: 10 March 2022).
4. Republic of Slovenia, Ukraine, available at URL: https://www.gov.si/drzave/ukrajina/ (last accessed: 10 March 2022).
5. Council Directive 2001/55/EC of 20 July 2001 on minimum standards for giving temporary protection in the event of a mass influx of displaced persons and on measures promoting a balance of efforts between Member States in receiving such persons and bearing the consequences thereof (OJ no. L 212/12, hereinafter: »the Directive on temporary protection«).
6. Temporary Protection of Displaced Persons Act (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, no. 16/17 as amended, hereinafter: »the ZZZRO«).
7. International Protection Act (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, no. 16/17 as amended, hereinafter: »ZMZ-1«).
8. Regulation (EU) No 604/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 establishing the criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining an application for international protection lodged in one of the Member States by a third-country national or a stateless person (recast) (OJ, no. L 180/31, hereinafter: »Dublin III or Dublin Regulation«).
9. RTV, EU: Refugees from Ukraine will receive immediate temporary protection without applying for asylum, available at URL: https://www.rtvslo.si/slovenija/eu-begunci-iz-ukrajine-bodo-prejeli-takojsnjo-zacasno-zascito-tudi-brez-prosnje-za-azil/614452 (last accessed: 4 March 2022).
10. Decree on the methods and conditions for ensuring the rights of persons with international protection (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, no. 173/21 as amended).
11. Rules on the procedure for aliens who wish to apply for international protection in the Republic of Slovenia and on the procedure for accepting applications for international protection (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, no. 173/21 as amended).
12. Council Directive 2001/55/EC of 20 July 2001 on minimum standards for giving temporary protection in the event of a mass influx of displaced persons and on measures promoting a balance of efforts between Member States in receiving such persons and bearing the consequences thereof (OJ 212/12, hereinafter: “the Directive on temporary protection”).
13. Temporary Protection of Displaced Persons Act (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, no. 16/17 as amended, hereinafter: “ZZZRO”).
14. Council of the EU, Ukraine: Council unanimously introduces temporary protection for persons fleeing the war, available at URL: https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2022/03/04/ukraine-council-introduces-temporary-protection-for-persons-fleeing-the-war/ (last accessed: 7 March 2022).
15. Article 10 of the ZZZRO.
16. Decision to grant temporary protection to displaced persons from Ukraine (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, no. 32/22).
17. Family Code (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, no. 15/17 as amended, hereinafter: »DZ«).
18. Ukraine: Council unanimously introduces temporary protection for persons fleeing the war, available at URL: https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2022/03/04/ukraine-council-introduces-temporary-protection-for-persons-fleeing-the-war/ (last accessed: 7 March 2022).
19. Article 8 of the ZZZRO.
20. Government Office for the Support and Integration of Migrants, Employment and work, available at URL: https://infotujci.si/osebe-z-mednarodno-zascito/zaposlovanje-in-delo/ (last accessed: 10 March 2022).